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Retrieved 17 February Archived from the original PDF on 1 May Last Argument Of Kings: There are many possible pathophysiological mechanisms involved in the development and maintenance of obesity. Agricultural policy and techniques in the United States and Europe have led to lower food prices. Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health. How to Be a Footballer.
In Britain, the weight at which people considered themselves to be overweight was significantly higher in than in Obesity is still seen as a sign of wealth and well-being in many parts of Africa.
This has become particularly common since the HIV epidemic began. Some attribute the Venus figurines to the tendency to emphasize fertility while others feel they represent "fatness" in the people of the time. This continued through much of Christian European history, with only those of low socioeconomic status being depicted as obese.
These women, however, still maintained the "hourglass" shape with its relationship to fertility. After centuries of obesity being synonymous with wealth and social status, slimness began to be seen as the desirable standard.
In addition to its health impacts, obesity leads to many problems including disadvantages in employment   and increased business costs.
These effects are felt by all levels of society from individuals, to corporations, to governments. Obesity prevention programs have been found to reduce the cost of treating obesity-related disease.
However, the longer people live, the more medical costs they incur. Researchers, therefore, conclude that reducing obesity may improve the public's health, but it is unlikely to reduce overall health spending. Obesity can lead to social stigmatization and disadvantages in employment. The most common injuries in this group were due to falls and lifting, thus affecting the lower extremities, wrists or hands, and backs. Some research shows that obese people are less likely to be hired for a job and are less likely to be promoted.
Specific industries, such as the airline, healthcare and food industries, have special concerns. Due to rising rates of obesity, airlines face higher fuel costs and pressures to increase seating width. With the American Medical Association 's classification of obesity as a chronic disease,  it is thought that health insurance companies will more likely pay for obesity treatment, counseling and surgery, and the cost of research and development of fat treatment pills or gene therapy treatments should be more affordable if insurers help to subsidize their cost.
In , The European Court of Justice ruled that morbid obesity is a disability. The Court said that if an employee's obesity prevents him from "full and effective participation of that person in professional life on an equal basis with other workers", then it shall be considered a disability and that firing someone on such grounds is discriminatory.
The principal goal of the fat acceptance movement is to decrease discrimination against people who are overweight and obese. A number of organizations exist that promote the acceptance of obesity. It has more of a global orientation and describes its mission as promoting size acceptance and helping to end weight-based discrimination. The American legal system, however, has decided that the potential public health costs exceed the benefits of extending this anti-discrimination law to cover obesity.
In the New York Times published an article on the Global Energy Balance Network , a nonprofit founded in that advocated for people to focus on increasing exercise rather than reducing calorie intake to avoid obesity and to be healthy.
Hand and Steven N. The healthy BMI range varies with the age and sex of the child. As with obesity in adults, many factors contribute to the rising rates of childhood obesity. Changing diet and decreasing physical activity are believed to be the two most important causes for the recent increase in the incidence of child obesity. Obesity in pets is common in many countries.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the medical journal, see Obesity journal. Relative risk of death over 10 years for white men left and women right who have never smoked in the United States by BMI.
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However, it is also clear that genetics greatly influences this situation, giving individuals in the same 'obesogenic' environment significantly different risks of becoming obese. Journal of Applied Physiology Review. An adaptation in growth or metabolism? American Journal of Human Biology Review. Obesity Research Research Support. Journal of Women's Health Comparative Study. A review of physical activity and parenthood".
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How much, and who's paying". Retrieved 5 September Retrieved 25 February Int J Ther Rehabil. Archived from the original on 8 October The Western pattern diet has been generally linked to increased risk for cancer. This conclusion has been verified by several other studies, which also indicate an increased rate of rectal cancer in cases who maintained a primarily Western pattern diet. There are multiple studies associating the Western pattern diet with heart disease. The western-versus-eastern dichotomy has become less relevant as such a diet is no longer "foreign" to any global region just as traditional East Asian cuisine is no longer "foreign" to the west , but the term is still a well-understood shorthand in medical literature, regardless of where the diet is found.
Other dietary patterns described in the medical research include "drinker" and "meat-eater" patterns. The researchers then compare the outcomes between the group that most closely follows a given pattern to the group that least closely follows a given pattern. More recently, food processors began replacing sugar with high-fructose corn syrup. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It is not to be confused with Sweet meat , Sweetbread , or Meat sweats. This article has multiple issues.
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Research Reports in Clinical Cardiology: Institute of Medicine The National Academies Press. Retrieved 24 January The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences. The Wall Street Journal.